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What is meant by the term “Bill of rights” and indicate TWO reasons why discriminatory behaviour in South Africa continues despite the existence of the Bill of rights.

What is meant by the term “Bill of rights” and indicate TWO reasons why discriminatory behaviour in South Africa continues despite the existence of the Bill of rights.


A Bill of Rights is a document that outlines the fundamental rights and freedoms that every individual is entitled to. In South Africa, the Bill of Rights is enshrined in the country's constitution and sets out the basic human rights that are protected by law.


Two reasons why discriminatory behavior in South Africa continues despite the existence of the Bill of Rights are:


  • Lack of enforcement: Although the Bill of Rights guarantees certain rights and freedoms, the government may fail to enforce these rights. This can be due to a lack of political will or resources, as well as corruption and inefficiencies within the justice system. Discriminatory behavior may continue because perpetrators are not held accountable for their actions. 
Clarify why the Bill of rights provides for Section 36 which sets limits to the exercise of all the rights in South Africa.  
  • Structural inequality: Discriminatory behavior may also persist due to structural inequalities that have been inherited from South Africa's apartheid past. Despite significant progress in redressing the imbalances created by apartheid, many people still face socio-economic challenges that make them vulnerable to discrimination. For example, poverty, unemployment, and inadequate access to education and healthcare can limit opportunities and perpetuate discrimination against certain groups.

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